House construction process! Construction process of a house in 10 steps Most people dream that at some point they will have their own home. They consider it the most appropriate action to stop wasting their money on rent and investing in something of tangible value, thus securing the future of both themselves and their children. Such a move requires serious thought and special attention as mistakes are difficult to correct afterwards. 1.Initial decision: When you decide to go it cheap and risk the low bandwidth you are only fooling yourself. 2.Choosing the plot: Some have their own plot of land, which they either bought in the past or inherited from their family. Others, however, buy with the intention of building. When looking for a plot of land to buy, it is important to set some criteria by which to evaluate the options offered to you. The main condition is whether the area meets its daily requirements. The following should also be considered: - The orientation of the plot - If there is water or a nearby stream on the plot - The ground 3.Building factor: The building factor gives some design guidance. Real estate throughout Cyprus is located in areas designated as within or outside the city plan or in forest or archaeological zones. Specific building conditions have been set accordingly for each zone. When a plot is within the plan, as a rule the building factor (a number that when multiplied by the squares of the plot gives us the maximum square footage allowed to build) is higher than the plan outside the plan. The same applies to the coverage rate (percentage of the area of the plot that is allowed to be built). This factor gives us the maximum allowable limit. 4.Orientation / Planning: The location of the building on the plot is a very important issue. The orientation will help to ensure natural light and proper ventilation as well as to use the interiors properly. In Greece, a south orientation will yield the maximum utilization of the sun during the winter months. 5.Foundations: The whole house is built on foundations. If these are not designed properly, the whole structure may collapse. As mentioned above, the ground will also determine the skeleton of the building. A rocky subsoil requires a lot of excavation, while a loose soil will need deep foundations. Also, the excavation area where the foundations will be placed must be well drained. Next, you need very good insulation of the structural elements so that any moisture does not penetrate inside the house or corrode the foundations themselves. The height of the house will determine the depth of the foundation and therefore the cost of construction. The higher, the deeper. The static study of the engineer will provide the solutions for the foundation and construction of the building. In any case, the quality of the materials and the waterproofing of the foundations remain an important element. 6.The shell of the building: The shell of the building also reflects its external appearance. The choice of wall materials, the slope of the roof, the frames, the shades, all contribute to the overall image of the house. The shell, however, is also its protective mantle and therefore requires special care in application. 7.Frames: Creating a healthy atmosphere inside a building is directly related to good acoustics, thermal comfort and natural light and ventilation, factors that are largely determined by the type and quality of windows that will be selected. Traditionally, the frames were wooden. As technology evolved in the 20th century, other materials appeared which are used more and more often. Today, windows are divided into three categories: wooden, metal and plastic. 8.Selection of heating system: The heating system in a house is decided from the beginning of the study as it is an essential part of its entire operation. Regardless of the type of fuel we use, the ways of transferring heat to the premises of the house remain the same: through the water that passes either through radiators (radiators) and is emitted from them into the premises, or through rubber pipes that pass through the floor (underfloor heating). In other systems, air acts as a heat transfer medium. In addition to oil and gas, alternative fuels are geothermal and solar panels that can be used for cooling, as well as biomass and electric heating systems. 9.Floors: The materials that will be used for the floors of the house will give the stigma of each space, creating the appropriate atmosphere. Some useful questions to choose from are: Are they environmentally friendly? What is their behavior, internally and externally, in climate change? Is it easy or difficult to clean? How durable are they? Are they hot or cold as materials? Hard or soft? Do they reflect sounds? Do they absorb vibrations? How much do they cost; How do they "grow old"? How are they placed? Are there carpenters who undertake their installation? 10.Interior walls: Interior partitions give the final character to the house. Their coatings, the materials used, but also the way they are made submit the overall feel of the rooms. The use of sound insulation as well as surfaces, such as glass bricks, solid bricks, wood and metal coatings, are some of the elements that can be used to cover interior walls. When you finally decide to start the work for the construction of your house, it remains to agree with the architect on how to follow the various stages of construction. It is important to have a contractor or foreman who will work with the architect and be constantly on the construction site to inspect the workshops. Thus, the building can cost up to 15% more, but you will be sure of the result and you will get rid of many troubles that you would definitely get if you had the supervision of the building yourself.